My Maternal 3rd. Great Grandmother, Marie “Mary” Rabe (Kobel), Germany

belgium-liege-la-roche-en-ardennes

Liege, Belgium

Marie “Mary” Rabe (Kobel), daughter of Michael Rabe and Catharina Louisa Mueller of Germany.

Born: about 1808 in Liege, Belgium. 

Married: about 1826 in Belgium or Germany to Heinrich Kobel.  

Name:Heinrich Kobel
Event Type:Census
Event Date:1900
Event Place:Schwerin
Gender:Male
Marital Status:
Nationality:
Occupation:
Religion:
Household Surname:Kobel
Relationship to Head of Household (Original Language):Haushaltungs Vorstand
Birth Date:
Birthplace:
Enumeration District:District 234, Schwerin
Family Number:4
Sheet Number:
GS Film number:1947679
Digital Folder Number:4123414
Image Number:00375
Household Gender Age Birthplace
Haushaltungs Vorstand
Heinrich Kobel M
Ehefrau Marie Kobel F
Sohn Wilhelm Kobel M
Sohn Heinrich Kobel M
Sources
“Deutschland, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Volkszählung 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MVYG-3M1 : accessed 07 Mar 2014), Heinrich Kobel, 1900.

Died: after 1900 in Mecklenberg, Schwerin, Germany [according to the 1900 Census she and Heinrich Kobel resided together with their sons, Wilhelm and Jakob Heinrich Kobel]

Schloss Schwerin, Deutschland

Schloss Schwerin, Deutschland

In Mecklenburg during the 1700s and 1800s a type of Feudalism existed known as “Inherited Serfdom”. The land owners controlled the economy and ruled their estates with absolute authority. The peasants were dependant entirely on the nobles who could even buy and sell them with or without their property. The tax rate on the peasants had to be reviewed every two to three years, and was usually increased at that time. They could not acquire any more land than they already had. Their Landlords produced crops for export from their vast estates by using the labor of these bonded peasants, servants and laborers. The landlords were known as “Landjunker”. This word comes from “Jung Herr” which means “young noble”.

By the 1800’s the Landlords had driven away more and more peasants with their highhanded ways. They then incorporated those peasants’ plots into their estates, and crop production expanded further. This callous robbery of the peasant properties was known as “peasant seizure”. Ten thousand peasants lost their holdings in this way. In Mecklenburg, where the Nobility owned almost all of the land and dwellings, the number of estimated peasant foreclosures went from 2,490 to nearly 12,000 by 1800 AD. The former peasants who had land left held only small holdings which ensured little more than a bare livelihood for themselves.

In 1807 Baron von Stein tried to carry through a reform of the Feudal system. He felt the peasants’ and laborers’ lot had to be improved. He did not want to abolish the large Landholders, but they were to be limited in their political and administrative powers and to improve the state of their workers. At that time, workers worked from sunrise to sunset for a pfennig an hour, a very small amount. he value of goods (potatoes, corn, wood, etc.) was deducted from that and most of their work was paid for by these goods. Women and children performed heavy work. Baron von Stein’s reform said that peasants could now change their place of residence without permission, and children were allowed to learn a trade. But the Landlords ought these progressive measures, refused to implement them, and the edict of Baron von Stein was never executed.

From 1806 to 1813 the country suffered great hardship and destruction.

source: http://wiki-en.genealogy.net/Mecklenburg#History

This is just one example of the fact that not just blacks were used as slaves. Many countries used the “feudal system”, and enslaved millions of whites too.  All lives matter, not just black ones.

My Maternal Third Great Grandfather, Heinrich Kobel, Sr, Germany

Mecklenburg-Schwerin,_Germany
Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany
Heinrich Kobel
Born: about 1808 in Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany
Mecklenburg-Schwerin-Warnemunde-Harbour
Resided: 1875 
Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany
 
1900
Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany
Weber = Weaver
GermanyStatesMap

 

Married: 1826 in Germany to Marie “Mary” Rabe.

Children: Maria, Wilhelm, and Heinrich, Jr. Kobel

Died: after 1900, because he was married and residing in Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany, according to the 1900 Volkszahlung = Census. Heinrich was a Weber = Weaver. 

Nearly everyone in Mecklenburg was poor – and in each class the people were worse off than those in the same class in many other Western and Northern European localities. Landless peasants made up the majority of the population. They had few possessions of their own. Most owned no land, no farm, and often no home. Sometimes landless peasants built little temporary houses. Other times, they lived in the homes of landowners. They went from place to place, working on the farms of other people. They had no power and no rights. Many trades throughout Germany were organized into a system of guilds, or professional organizations. source: Understanding Your Ancestors

mecklenburg vorpommern germany

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany

Name:Heinrich Kobel
Event Type:Census
Event Date:1900
Event Place:Schwerin
Gender:Male
Marital Status:
Nationality:
Occupation:
Religion:
Household Surname:Kobel
Relationship to Head of Household (Original Language):Haushaltungs Vorstand
Birth Date:
Birthplace:
Enumeration District:District 234, Schwerin
Family Number:4
Sheet Number:
GS Film number:1947679
Digital Folder Number:4123414
Image Number:00375
Household Gender Age Birthplace
Haushaltungs Vorstand
Heinrich Kobel M
Ehefrau Marie Kobel F
Sohn Wilhelm Kobel M
Sohn Heinrich Kobel M
Sources
“Deutschland, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Volkszählung 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MVYG-3M1 : accessed 07 Mar 2014), Heinrich Kobel, 1900.

Mecklenburg-Schwerin-Germany-Flag

Schwerin-City in Germany. Schwerin is the capital and second-largest city of the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The population is 91,583 and 98.000 as of July 2016. Wikipedia

Schwerin_Castle_Aerial_View_Island_Luftbild_Schweriner_Schloss_Insel_See

Schwerin Castle, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany

My Maternal 1st. Great Granduncle, Jakob Heinrich Kobel, Germany

Sennfeld, Mosbach, Baden, Germany

Jakob Heinrich Kobel, son of Heinrich Kobel and Elisabetha Schoening.

Born: 1833 in Baden, Germany

Married: 26 December 1864 in Adelsheim, Mosbach, Baden, Germany

to Johanna Margarete Honeck. She was born on 20 April 1836 in Sennfeld, Mosbach, Baden, Germany. 

cropped-germanystatesmap.png

Name Heinrich Kobel
gender Male
Wife Johanna Honeck
Daughter Christiana Katharina Kobel
Other information in the record of Christiana Katharina Kobel
from Deutschland Geburten und Taufen
Name Christiana Katharina Kobel
Event Date 1861
Gender Female
Birth Date 20 Aug 1861
Birth Year 1861
Christening Date 08 Sep 1861
Christening Place Sennfeld, Baden, Germany
Father’s Name Heinrich Kobel
Mother’s Name Johanna Honeck
Paternal Grandmother’s Name Rosina Kobel
Maternal Grandfather’s Name Conrad Honeck
Maternal Grandmother’s Name Sophia Bangert
 Citing this Record

“Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898,” database, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NCD2-659 : 28 November 2014), Heinrich Kobel in entry for Christiana Katharina Kobel, 08 Sep 1861; citing ; FHL microfilm 1,272,364.

Sennfeld, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany

Sennfeld, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

Children: Christiana Catharina, Sophia Catharina, Ernstine Christina, Sophia Catharina, and Katharina Karolina Kobel.

Died: after 1900 in Germany.

Sennfeld, Mosbach, Baden, Germany2

Sennfeld is a district of Adelsheim in the Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis in Baden-Württemberg .

Sennfeld is about two kilometers southwest of Adelsheim in the Seckachtal and has about 1,200 inhabitants. The village was mentioned for the first time in 1110. The oldest names are Senfeldt (around 1100) and Senvfelt (1271). The name derives from Senffeld . In 1615 Margaretha of Carben , a granddaughter of the knight Götz von Berlichingen , donated the Protestant parish church. The castle of Sennfeld, formerly owned by family members of the Freiherrren von Berlichingen, was built in 1713 in rural baroque style. Sennfeld came 1806 to Baden belonged to the office Osterburken and came with this 1828 to the Bezirksamt Adelsheim and belonged since 1936 to the county Buchen . The municipality of Sennfeld and the city of Adelsheim joined on 1 January 1975 to the city of Adelsheim. [1] Until 1846 Volkshausen belonged to the municipality of Sennfeld. Before the merger with Adelsheim belonged to the municipality Sennfeld the village Sennfeld, the places Hof Bender and Roßbrunnerhof and the dwellings Hammermühle and Talmühle. [1]Until 1846 Volkshausen belonged to the municipality of Sennfeld. Before the merger with Adelsheim belonged to the municipality Sennfeld the village Sennfeld, the places Hof Bender and Roßbrunnerhof and the dwellings Hammermühle and Talmühle. [1] Until 1846 Volkshausen belonged to the municipality of Sennfeld. Before the merger with Adelsheim belonged to the municipality Sennfeld the village Sennfeld, the places Hof Bender and Roßbrunnerhof and the dwellings Hammermühle and Talmühle.

My Maternal 1st. Great Granduncle, Wilhelm Kobel, Germany

Unterdielbach, Germany

Wilhelm “William” Kobel, son of Heinrich Kobel and Marie “Mary” Rabe. 

Sex
 
Married:
13 December 1863
Mosbach, Baden, Germany to Elisbetha Schoening
Schwerin_Castle_Aerial_View_Island_Luftbild_Schweriner_Schloss_Insel_See
 

 

Wilhelm “William” Kobel 1830–1900 • LVQS-BFW 
 
Elisabetha Schoening 1831–Deceased • KCD4-JL2
 

Marriage: 13 Dec 1863

Mosbach, Baden, Germany

 

Children (3)

  1.  
     
    1861–1861 • L5PQ-KZS
     
  2.  
     
    1869–1869 • KZBK-W5C
     
  3.  
     
    1873–1874 • L5PQ-KBY
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